Wednesday, December 3, 2014

Ramps & Grades

Traveling on Ramps and Grades
Potential Hazards:
  • There is a danger of tipover when traveling on ramps and grades.
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
 
  • Always look in the direction of travel.
     
  • Never turn on a ramp or incline. Turn prior to the ramp or incline to place forks in proper direction.
     
  • Keep a safe distance from the edge of a ramp.
     
  • Do not travel on ramps with slopes or other conditions that exceed the manufacturer's recommendation.
Traveling down ramp without load.
Figure 2. Traveling down ramp without load.



 
Traveling With a Load (Forks Upgrade)
Forklift operators should be aware of procedures to follow when traveling on ramps and other inclines with a load.

Potential Hazards:
  • Danger of tipover.

  • Danger of losing load.
Traveling with a load. Note that ramps should have railings or bull rails.
Figure 3. Traveling with a load. Note that ramps should have railings or bull rails.
Traveling up ramp with load.
Figure 4. Traveling up ramp with load.

Traveling down ramp with a load.
Figure 5. Traveling down ramp with a load.
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
  • When traveling with a load, the load should point up the incline, regardless of direction of travel.
     
  • Going up the incline:

    • Drive forward.

    • Forks pointed upgrade.

    • Use a spotter if load blocks the driver's view.

  • Going down the incline:

    • Drive in reverse.

    • Turn head and face downgrade.

    • Forks pointed up the grade.
NOTE: When walking with a pallet truck with or without a load, the forks should be pointed downgrade, regardless of direction of travel.





Traveling Empty (Forks Downgrade)
Forklift operators should follow certain procedures when traveling on ramps and grades without a load.

Potential Hazards:
  • Danger of tipover.
Traveling without a load. Note that ramps should have railings or bull rails.
Figure 6. Traveling without a load. Note that ramps should have railings or bull rails.
 
Traveling down ramp without load.
Figure 7. Traveling down ramp without load.
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
  • When traveling without a load, the forks should point downgrade, regardless of direction of travel.
     
  • Going up the incline:

    • Drive in reverse.

    • Turn head and face upgrade.

    • Forks pointed downgrade.

  • Going down the incline:

    • Drive forward.

    • Forks pointed downgrade.