Friday, May 9, 2014

Safe Handling Preparation



A damaged carton is an unsafe load to carry.
Figure 2. A damaged carton is an unsafe load to carry.

Improperly distributed loads may tip the forklift because the center of gravity has shifted.
Figure 3. Improperly distributed loads may tip the forklift because the center of gravity has shifted.
Potential Hazards:
 
Before handling loads, be aware of the following:
  • Off-center loads which may cause tipover or falling loads.
     
  • Overloading which may cause tipover or falling loads.
     
  • Damaged or loose loads.
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
  • Secure the load so it is safely arranged and stable. [29 CFR 1910.178(o)(1)] Do not carry damaged merchandise unless it has been secured by wrapping or banding. (Figure 2)
     
  • Center the load as nearly as possible. [29 CFR 1910.178(o)(1)] Use caution when handling off-center loads that cannot be centered. [29 CFR 1910.178(o)(1)] Distribute the heaviest part of the load nearest the front wheels of the forklift.
     
  • Do not overload. Know the stated capacity of your forklift and do not exceed it. [29 CFR 1910.178(o)(2)] Only by keeping within the weight limit can you operate the forklift safely.
     
  • A forklift's capacity is rated for a specified load center. If the load is off-center, improperly distributed, or oversized, it may exceed capacity and unbalance the forklift. (Figure 3)
     
  • Use the load extension backrest.

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