Thursday, May 15, 2014

Approaching & Mast Position

Approaching
Operator stops slowly in front of the load platform.
Figure 4. Operator stops slowly in front of the load platform.
Potential Hazards:

While approaching a load, be aware of the following:
  • Accidents may occur when:

    • Approaching too fast.

    • Turning too rapidly.
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
  1. Approach the load slowly and carefully.

    • Stop 20 to 30 cm (8 to 12 inches) in front of the load. (Figure 4)

    • Be certain that the truck is placed squarely in front of the load and that the forks are at the correct height.

    • Set the direction control to neutral
       
  2. Do not raise or lower the forks unless the forklift is stopped and the brake is set.
     
  3. Prior to raising the load, ensure there is adequate overhead clearance. Vision is obstructed after the load is elevated.
     
  4. Use the inching pedal to creep the load to the stack.




Mast Position
Operator lifts load with the mast vertical.
Figure 5. Operator lifts load with the mast vertical.

Tilting the mast back reduces the load distance and makes the load safer to carry.
Figure 6. Tilting the mast back reduces the load distance and makes the load safer to carry.

Tilting the mast forward increases the load distance and makes the load less stable.
Figure 7. Tilting the mast forward increases the load distance and makes the load less stable.
Potential Hazards:

While moving the mast, be aware of the following:
  • Tipovers and dropped loads while moving the mast.
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
  • Use extreme care when tilting loads. Do not tilt forward with forks elevated except when picking up or depositing a load. When stacking or tiering, tilt backward only enough to stabilize the load. [29 CFR 1910.178(o)(6)]
     
  • Use extra caution when handling loads that approach the truck's maximum rated capacity:

    • Tilt the mast back and position the heaviest part of the load against the carriage. (Figure 6)

    • Travel with the mast tilted back to keep the load stable.
  • Tilt the mast forward cautiously when positioning the load onto the stack. [29 CFR 1910.178 App A]
     
  • Never travel with the load tilted forward. Tilting the load forward increases the load distance and makes the load less stable (Figure 7).

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