Wednesday, April 23, 2014

Visibility


Operator keeping a clear view.
Figure 16. Operator keeping a clear view.

Operator's clear view of working aisle.
Figure 17. Operator's clear view of working aisle.
Blocked visibility, including partially blocked visibility, increases the chances of accidents. Operators should take measures to minimize the risks.
 

Potential Hazards:

When visibility is impaired, be aware of these potential hazards:
  • Collision
  • Falling load
  • Falling off loading dock
  • Worker struck or crushed by forklift
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
  • Keep a clear view. [29 CFR 1910.178(n)(6)]
  • Look in the direction of travel. When reversing, look behind. [29 CFR 1910.178(n)(6)]
  • Use spotters, rear view mirrors, or other aids to increase visibility.
  • Where available, use concave mirrors when entering buildings or aisles.
  • Equip forklifts with headlights where general lighting is less than two lumens per square foot. [29 CFR 1910.178(h)(2)] In general, forklifts should have headlights if working at night, outdoors, or in any area where additional lighting would improve quality.
  • Drive slowly into and out of warehouses or other buildings. Going from bright daylight into a darkened warehouse may blind drivers just long enough to hit another worker, vehicle or object.
  • Be especially careful on loading docks; stay away from the edge.
  • Add physical barriers such as ramps, raised concrete staging areas and heavy-gauge safety chains in front of dock openings. Use protective guard rails.
  • Add a "warning track" of yellow paint on the floor near dock openings.
  • Slow down and sound the horn at cross aisles and other locations where vision is obstructed. [29 CFR 1910.178(n)(4)]

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