Thursday, April 17, 2014

Safe Travel Practices

Operator looking in the direction of travel and keeping arms in the confines of the vehicle.
Figure 13. Operator looking in the direction of travel and keeping arms in the confines of the vehicle.

Operator traveling with load lowered.
Figure 14. Operator traveling with load lowered.

Do not travel with the load elevated.
Figure 15. Do not travel with the load elevated.
Complying with safe travel practices and OSHA regulations will improve safety in your workplace.

Potential Hazards:

While traveling, be aware of these potential hazards:
  • Overturning forklift
     
  • Falling load
     
  • Being struck or crushed by forklift
     
  • Collisions
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
  • Always look in all directions before proceeding.
     
  • Always look in the direction of travel. If the load blocks your view, travel in reverse. Keep a clear view.
     
  • Observe all traffic regulations, including authorized plant speed limits. Maintain a safe distance, approximately three truck lengths from the truck ahead, and keep the truck under control at all times. [29 CFR 1910.178(n)(1)]
     
  • Yield the right of way to ambulances, fire trucks, or other vehicles in emergency situations. [29 CFR 1910.178(n)(2)]
     
  • Do not pass other trucks traveling in the same direction at intersections, blind spots, or other dangerous locations. [29 CFR 1910.178(n)(3)]
     
  • Cross railroad tracks diagonally wherever possible. Do not park closer than 8 feet from the center of railroad tracks. [29 CFR 1910.178(n)(5)]
     
  • Operate at a speed that will permit the truck to be brought to a stop in a safe manner under all travel conditions. [29 CFR 1910.178(n)(8)]
     
  • Do not engage in stunt driving and horseplay. [29 CFR 1910.178(n)(9)]
     
  • Slow down for wet and slippery floors. [29 CFR 1910.178(n)(10)]
     
  • Properly secure the dockboard or bridgeplates before driving over them. Drive over them carefully and slowly and never exceed their stated capacity. [29 CFR 1910.178(n)(11)]
     
  • Approach elevators slowly and enter squarely after the elevator car is properly leveled. Once on the elevator, neutralize the controls, shut off the power, and set the brakes. [29 CFR 1910.178(n)(12)]
     
  • Separate forklift and pedestrian traffic as much as possible. Use established pedestrian walkways with guard rails and strictly enforce their use.
     
  • Never carry passengers. [29 CFR 1910.178(m)(3)]
     
  • Keep arms or legs inside the confines of your vehicle. [29 CFR 1910.178(m)(4)]
     
  • Watch for surface obstructions; even a small bump can cause a load to fall off elevated forks.
     
  • Never drive up to anyone who is in front of a bench or any other fixed object. [29 CFR 1910.178(m)(1)]
     
  • Do not travel into a position that, if the forklift jumped forward, the brakes failed, or the wrong lever was pushed, a coworker could be pinned between the forklift and another object.

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