Thursday, April 10, 2014

Parking


An unattended vehicle is a danger to the operator and others unless it is properly secured.

Potential Hazards:

While parking and leaving an unattended vehicle, be aware of these potential hazards:
  • Danger of an improperly parked truck being struck by personnel or objects.
     
  • Danger of unintended movement of the truck.
Requirements and Recommended Practices:

A powered industrial truck is considered "unattended":
  • When the operator is 25 ft. or more away from the vehicle even if it remains in his view, or whenever the operator leaves the vehicle and it is not in his view. [29 CFR 1910.178(m)(5)(ii)]
When a powered industrial truck is left unattended, load engaging means shall be fully lowered, controls shall be neutralized, power shall be shut off, and brakes set. Wheels shall be blocked if the truck is parked on an incline. [29 CFR 1910.178(m)(5)(i)]
  • Select a hard, level surface.
     
  • Do not park on a grade, unless wheels are blocked.
     
  • Park in authorized areas only, unless the forklift is disabled. Park a safe distance from fire aisles, stairways or fire equipment. Do not block traffic. [29 CFR 1910.178(m)(14)]
     
  • Fully engage the parking brake.
     
  • Lower the load engaging means (lifting mechanism) fully.
     
  • Neutralize the controls:
    • Set the direction lever in neutral, and lock the mechanism (if available).
  • Tilt the mast forward slightly and lower the forks to the floor until the fork tips touch the floor.
     
  • If the forklift is disabled, and the forks cannot be lowered to the floor, follow proper lockout/tagout procedures. [29 CFR 1910.147] Do not allow anyone to stand or pass under the forks. [29 CFR 1910.178(m)(2)]
     
  • Turn the key to OFF, and stop the engine. Remove the key.
     
  • Get off the forklift without jumping.
Note: When the operator of an industrial truck is dismounted and within 25 ft. of the truck still in his view, the load engaging means shall be fully lowered, controls neutralized, and the brakes set to prevent movement. It is not required that the power be shut off. [29 CFR 1910.178(m)(5)(iii)]

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