Wednesday, February 26, 2014

Forklift: Maintenance

Maintenance
Trained and authorized mechanic performing regularly scheduled maintenance.
Figure 13. Trained and authorized mechanic performing regularly scheduled maintenance.

Preventive maintenance being performed on a forklift.
Figure 14. Preventive maintenance being performed on a forklift.

Technician conducting a diagnostic test of a forklift.
Figure 15. Technician conducting a diagnostic test of a forklift.
Scheduled maintenance is critically important to the safe operation of your vehicle. Never operate a forklift requiring maintenance, and always report repair problems to your supervisor. Follow your company's procedures.

Potential Hazards:
  • Forklift skidding or sliding due to grease, leakage, spills.
     
  • Mechanical breakdown due to poor maintenance.
     
  • Accidents and injuries due to improperly working equipment.
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
  • Never operate a vehicle that requires maintenance or is in any way unsafe. [29 CFR 1910.178(p)(1)]
     
  • Remove from service any powered industrial truck not in safe operating condition. All repairs must be made by authorized personnel. Do not attempt to fix it yourself unless you are trained and authorized to do so. [29 CFR 1910.178(q)(1)]
     
  • Perform preventive maintenance according to manufacturer's scheduled recommendations.
     
  • Keep industrial truck in clean condition, free of lint, excess oil, and grease. [29 CFR 1910.178(q)(10)]

    • Use non-combustible agents for cleaning trucks.

      • High flash point (at or above 100° F) solvents may be used. Do not use low flash point (below 100° F) solvents.

      • Take recommended precautions regarding toxicity, ventilation and fire hazards.

Wednesday, February 19, 2014

Forklift: Removal from Service

Removal from Service 
 
Potential Hazards:

While driving, be aware of these potential hazards:
  • Mechanical breakdown
  • Fire
  • Overheating
  • Leakage
Requirements and Recommended Practices:

The OSHA powered industrial truck standard [29 CFR 1910.178] lists a number of conditions under which a forklift must be removed from service. If the operator notes these conditions while driving, the operator must stop, park the vehicle and get assistance.
  • Any powered industrial truck not in safe operating condition shall be removed from service. All repairs shall be made by authorized personnel. [29 CFR 1910.178(q)(1)]

  • Defects when found must be immediately reported and corrected. [29 CFR 1910.178(q)(7)]

  • Any vehicle that emits hazardous sparks or flames from the exhaust system shall immediately be removed from service, and not returned to service until the cause for the emission of such sparks and flames has been eliminated. [29 CFR 1910.178(q)(8)]

  • When the temperature of any part of any truck is found to be in excess of its normal operating temperature, thus creating a hazardous condition, the vehicle shall be removed from service and not returned to service until the cause for such overheating has been eliminated. [29 CFR 1910.178(q)(9)]

  • No truck shall be operated with a leak in the fuel system until the leak has been corrected. [29 CFR 1910.178(p)(4)]