Friday, June 7, 2013

Types & Fundamentals Part 9: Power Sources

Electric-powered forklifts are most commonly used indoors in warehouses. Unlike internal combustion forklifts, electric forklifts are quiet and generally non-polluting but present other serious hazards that must be addressed.
  • Electric Forklifts
  • Battery Charging Area
  • Battery Charging and Changing Procedures
  • Battery Maintenance
  • Sulfuric Acid Splash
  • Hydrogen Gas
Electric Forklifts
Electric forklifts produce zero emissions, virtually eliminate the hazard of carbon monoxide poisoning, and run more quietly than internal combustion forklifts. However, electric forklifts present other serious hazards that must be addressed.
Potential Hazards:
  • Electric forklifts are powered by large lead-acid batteries, which must be routinely charged. The hazards and recommended practices for charging and changing batteries are reviewed below.
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
  • Designate an area for the purpose of battery charging.
     
  • Make sure that the forklift is charged before using.
     
  • Recognize that heavy loads drain the battery more quickly.

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