Wednesday, June 19, 2013

Types & Fundamentals Part 10: Power Sources

Electric-powered forklifts are most commonly used indoors in warehouses. Unlike internal combustion forklifts, electric forklifts are quiet and generally non-polluting but present other serious hazards that must be addressed.
  • Electric Forklifts
  • Battery Charging Area
  • Battery Charging and Changing Procedures
  • Battery Maintenance
  • Sulfuric Acid Splash
  • Hydrogen Gas
For information on the parts of a battery used in electric forklifts, see the Parts: Battery section of this module.
Battery Charging Area
A properly equipped battery charging area will have:
Large installations should have a plumbed drench shower and an eyewash.
Figure 2. Large installations should have a plumbed drench shower and an eyewash.
  • No smoking.
     
  • Warning signs posted.
     
  • Adequate fire protection.
     
  • Ample and readily available water supply for flushing and neutralizing spilled electrolyte.
     
  • An eyewash able to provide a 15 minute flow. (Figure 2) Note: For large installations, there should be a plumbed drench shower and an eyewash.

  • A phone or other means of communication in the event of an emergency.
     
  • Adequate ventilation to avoid the build up of hydrogen gas during battery charging.
     
  • Soda ash or other neutralization materials in the immediate area.
     
  • A dry chemical, CO2 or foam fire extinguisher.
     
  • Means to protect charging apparatus from damage from trucks.

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