Tuesday, April 17, 2012

Safety Training Course Layout: Load Handling

Activity 6/7—LOAD HANDLING



  • Trainer B at Position 5 will provide verbal instruction and direction to
    continue driving portion as follows:

    • Assure horn is honked prior to proceeding

    • Driver will perform either Situation A or B

      • Situation A – Load-on-Top

        • Driver will pick up top load from Position 6 and

        • Place on ground at Position 7

        • Trainer will be checking for:

          • Approach;

          • Fork placement;

          • Fork depth;

          • Raising load;

          • Mast tilt;

          • Lowering load; and

          • Travel speed with load.





      • Situation B – Load-on-Ground

        • Driver will pick up ground load from Position 7 and

        • Place on top of load at Position 6

        • Trainer will be checking for:

          • Approach;

          • Fork placement;

          • Fork depth;

          • Raising load;

          • Mast tilt;

          • Lowering load; and

          • Travel speed with load.







    • Upon completion of load handling the driver will drive IN REVERSE to
      START/FINISH and park lift as close as possible to the cone without
      hitting it.





Activity 8


Trainer A at Position 8—START/FINISH will:



  • Provide feedback regarding:

    • Parking (also remember 25' and no line of sight):

      • Forks down;

      • Mast tilted;

      • Transmission to neutral;

      • Set emergency brake;

      • Engine/Power off;

      • Keys out of ignition;


      • Dismount (3 point); AND

      • Be sure it does not block a fire door, fire exit, fire equipment
        or access to a switch box, sprinkler valve, and/or first aid or
        emergency equipment.





  • Once everyone has completed the driver portion the following should be
    discussed: (this can take place in the group classroom setting or at the driver
    training site)

    • Review of Data Plate:

      Note that any attachments or mast change added after the purchase
      of the forklift must listed on the data plate. If your forklift data plate
      is missing, illegible or does not have the proper information, report it
      immediately.

      • Capacity rating

      • Load center - The forklift's load center and capacity are printed
        on the data plate. The overall capacity of a forklift is a function
        of load center and the weight being carried. The load center is
        the distance from the face of the mast to the center of your load.
        The standard industry pallet is 48" long. Therefore, most
        warehouse forklifts have a 24"load center. When the center of a
        capacity load exceeds a forklift's printed load center, the center of
        gravity moves within the stability triangle causing a tipping
        hazard.

      • Weight of PIT



    • Stability Triangle—The stability of a forklift is most commonly
      referred to as the "Stability Triangle." This is because a forklift is
      designed like a backwards tricycle. If you look under a four-wheel
      forklift, you will see a three-point suspension.

    • Center of Gravity - On the Stability Triangle drawing, the dot
      indicates where the center of gravity is located on a forklift that is not
      in operation. If the center of gravity were to moves outside of the
      triangle when carrying a load, then the forklift would tip over. The
      center of gravity shifts toward the base of the triangle when a load is
      added. It also shifts when traveling and stacking. If the center of
      gravity shifts to one side because of traveling on uneven ground or
      carrying an uneven load, the forklift could tip laterally. If the forklift
      makes too fast a turn, the center of gravity moves outside of the
      triangle, causing the forklift to tip over.

    • Shifting Load Center - For example, a 4,500-pound capacity forklift
      based on a 24" load center carrying a 4,500 pound, 48" long load is
      within the safe operation guidelines. However, if the same forklift is
      carrying a 5,000 pound, 60" load it has a 30" load center. This
      exceeds the 24" load center of the forklift. This will cause the forklift
      to tip forward.

    • Trucks, Trailers and Docks

      • Wheel chocking - Be sure that brakes are set and that chocks are
        placed against the truck, trailer or freight car wheels to prevent
        movements while you are loading or unloading.
        It is the responsibility of the forklift operator (NOT THE TRUCK
        DRIVER) to make sure that the trailers they drive on are chocked.

      • Dock Locks

      • Trailer floor and ramps - Before forklifts enter freight cars, trucks,
        and trailers, the flooring should be checked for breaks or
        weaknesses.




      All dock boards and bridge plates have rated capacities. Be sure to
      verify the weight of the forklift and the load does not exceed the
      capacity of the dock board or bridge plate. All dock boards and
      bridge plates should be properly secured before they are driven
      over. Dock boards or bridge plates should be driven over
      carefully and slowly.




      • Trailer capacity - Check the trailer capacity.

      • Trailer tandems - Sliding tandems on trailers should be slid to the
        rear to support the tail of trailers as much as possible.